The epitaph of young Samuel Packard of Providence, RI attests to a belief in the angelic innocence of children. Unlike 17th-century Calvinists, who believed in original sin and the innate depravity of all humans, late-18th and 19th-century New Englanders were moving toward a more charitable understanding of human nature. By the early decades of the 19th century, the trope of children as innocent angels borrowed from heaven was commonplace. This idea went hand-in-hand with a domestic ideology that imagined the home (and those who were confined to it) as a haven, safe from the corrupting influences of the world.
Samuel Packard's epitaph extends this idea to its logical conclusion: a child who dies young is innocent of all sin and can expect to go to heaven while sinning adults will be left behind.
Here lies Interred the Body of
SAMUEL PACKARD Junr.
Capt. Samuel Packard, and
Abigail his Wife: Suddenly
snatch'd by the hand of his
Heavenly Parent, from the evil
of this transitory life, He on
Feby. 25th A.D. 1799 entered the
regions of immortal felicity,
Aged 1 Year, 5 Months & 17 Days.
Beneath a sleeping Infant lies,
To earth his body's lent;
More glorious he'll hereafter be,
Though not more innocent.
When the Arch-angel's trumpet shall blow
And souls to bodies Join,
Millions will wish their lives below
Had been as short as thine.